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Common phrasal verbs with Spanish translations and examples (regularly updated)

Common phrasal verbs with Spanish translations and examples (regularly updated)

Phrasal verb  English meaning  Spanish meaning Example Needs an object?
Act up Work/behave badly Funcionar mal My son is acting up again. I will have to show him that his crying doesn’t help. No
Add up Make sense Tener sentido Her story about her whereabouts during the crime doesn’t add up. I think she is lying. No
Ask * out Ask someone out on a date Invitar a salir She liked him so much that she asked the guy out. Yes
Back * up Make a copy Hacer un respaldo I need to back up of my English homework so I don’t lose it. Yes
Bear with Be patient Sé paciente Please bear with me while I check with my boss. Yes
Break in Interrupt Interrumpir My colleague broke in to mention something important. No
Break up Separate Seperar We have broken up since she cheated on me. No
Bring * along Carry or take somewhere Traer consigo The couple brought a bottle of wine along to the dinner party. Yes
Bring * in Initiate/introduce Introducir I’ll bring in my new teaching method for my Skype English classes. Yes
Bring * in Enter something/someone into a room Hacer entrar The student brought in to class some English books to show the teacher. Yes
Bring * up Raise Criar She was brought up in the north of Scotland. Yes
Bring * up Mention/bring a subject to attention Sacar un tema I’ll bring the issue up in the meeting. Yes
Call * off Cancel Cancelar The match was called off due to rain. Yes/No
Calm * down Become calmer Tranquilizarse/calmarse The teacher calmed the student down before things got worse. Yes/No
Carry on Continue Seguir They will carry on with their goals by taking one step at a time. No
Carry * out Perform/conduct Hacer/realizar I carried out the project before working on the next one. Yes
Catch on Understand Entender Did you catch on to what I said? No
Check in Register (hotel, airport etc) Registrarse We need to check in 3 hours before the flight departs. No
Check * out Check/verify Verificar I need to check it out as I am not certain what is happening. Yes
Cheer * up Make someone happier Alegrar I cheered her up by taking her to the cinema. Yes
Cheer up Become happier Alegrarse She cheered up once she realised that she had made a mistake. No
Clear * up Make tidy Ordenar The kids had to clear the house up before their parents came back from holiday. Yes
Deal with Resolve/handle people Resolver/ocuparse de alguien I need to deal with this English homework before English class tomorrow. Yes
Drop * off Let something/someone out of a vehicle Dejar I dropped him off at his home as it was getting late. Yes
Drop out Withdraw Abandonar She dropped out of the tournament due to injury. No
End up Become/arrive somewhere Acabar (en)/resultar I’ll end up really fat if I keep eating all this chocolate. No
Fall apart Fall to pieces Hacerse pedazos The chair fell apart because it was badly built. No
Fall apart Emotionally lose control Desmoronarse After hearing about the traffic accident, she fell apart. No
Fall down Collapse (structure) Derrumbarse The house fell down because it had been badly maintained. No
Fall over Trip or go to ground Caerse I fell over but luckily I landed no my backside. No
Figure * out Solve Resolver She figured out the homework before her English class started. Yes
Fill * in/out Complete a form/blank Rellenar/Llenar Make sure you fill in the whole form or you won’t be admitted. Yes
Fill * up Make full (e.g. cup/petrol tank) Llenar We have to fill up the tank now as the next petrol station is 900ks away. Yes
Find * out Discover Descubrir He found out the reason why they didn’t give him the job. Yes
Get ahead Progress Salir adelante I will get ahead if I take this new job. No
Get away Leave (someone/place) Irse/alejarse I’m really, really bored in my routine. I need to get away. No
Get by Cope, manage Superar dificultades/sobrevivir We coped eventhough we were earning just 1,400 euros per month for the whole family. No
Get down Descend Bajar You need to get down from up there immidiately. No
Get in Enter a confined space such as a vehicle Entrar I opened the door and got in the car. No
Get off Leave (mode of transport. not car), exit, dismount Bajarse Get off the table. It can’t take your weight! No
Get on/along Have a harmonious or friendly relationship Llevarse bien The siblings never got on/along as kids and they hardly speak to eachother now. No
Get on Progress with task Seguir con (tarea) I need to get on with this task as I won’t have time to do it later. No
Get on Mount Subirse Get on the table so you can paint the ceiling. No
Get out Exit something Salir de algo You need to get out of the car now! No
Get over Forget/stop loving someone Olvidarse Dave got over his separation by travelling in Europe for 3 months. Yes
Get through Cope/survive/manage Sobrevivir/salir adelante Look the recession has been hard but we will get through it. Yes
Get through to Make contact (usually verbally on phone) Make contact (usually verbally on phone) After several attempts I managed to get through to Silvana. Yes
Get together Meet/gather Tener una reunión/quedar We should get together before you return to your home country. No
Get up Rise/lift yourself up Lavantarse  You need to get up or you will be late. No
Give * back Return something Devolver They gave me back the money since the article was broken. Yes
Give in Stop trying to complete an objective/admit defeat Darse por vencido I gave in since it was so hard. No
Give * up (sth) Stop trying/quit Abandonar/dejar She gave up university as she hated the course she was doing. Yes/No
Go away Leave Irse I will go away from here since I don’t like it. No
Go down Descend/decrease Bajar After christmas prices always go down. No
Go in To enter a place Entrar I will go in my office to answer the phone call. No
Go off Sound (alarm, siren, horn) Sonar I always wake up when my alarm goes off. No
Go off Explosive device explodes Explotar The land mine went off and luckily he did not lose his foot. No
Go off Go away Irse After the English class the student went off to get some rest. No
Go off Lose liking for Dejar de gustar algo/a alguien I’ve gone off English. My teacher just isn’t good enough. Yes
Go off When food spoils Pasarse You need to keep food in th fridge to stop it from going off quickly. No
Go on Continue Continuar I must go on with this project. No
Go out Exit/go outdoors Salir She went out of the room as she could not tolerate the smell. No
Go over Review Repasar I need to go over the grammar that Mark taught in the English class. Yes
Go up Increase/ascend Aumentar/subir She went up the mountain in record time. No
Grow up Become an adult/become mature Crecer/madurar Dave grew up in a small fishing village on the west coast. No
Hand * out Distribute Distribuir The teacher handed out the documents. Yes
Hang on Wait for a moment Esperar Hang on. I will be with you in a few moments. No
Hang on Wait during a call No colgar (teléfono) The student had to hang on while I got the information about the Skype English classes. No
Hang up Cut the connection of a telephone call. Colgar The service was so bad that she hung up. No
Hang * up Suspend from a high place Colgar I hung up my trousers to dry. Yes
Help * out Assist Ayudar Before helping the nurse out, I finished my regular duties first. Yes/No
Hold on Wait Esperar Hold on while I get my textbooks for my English class. No
Hold on Wait on a telephone/online call Esperar en línea I asked the client to hold on while I searched for the information he required. No
Keep on Continue doing something Seguir/persistir I need to keep on doing my English classes since I have to pass my EOIP exam. Yes
Lie in Stay asleep later in the morning Quedarse en la cama I had a lie in as it was the weekend. No
Look after Take care of Cuidar I asked my mother to look after my child. Yes
Look for Serch for/seek Buscar She is looking for a husband so she will try speed dating. Yes
Look forward to Await with excitement Ansiar/tener muchas ganas de We are really looking forward to our 6 month trip through Europe. Yes
Make up Reconcile Reconciliarse I had an argument with him and later made up. No
Make up Invent untruths Inventar I don’t want to spend time with that guy as I can tell he is making stuff up. Yes
Move on Start a new subject/go elsewhere Seguir adelante/seguir viaje Let’s move on to talking about political issues. No
Pick * out Choose Elegir The teacher picked out a really good English book for her students. Yes
Pick * up Collect in vehicle Recoger/buscar I picked our guest up at the airport. Yes
Put * across Convey a message/point Expresar The secretary had to put the point across in the meeting. Yes
Put * back Postpone Posponer The English class was put back since the teacher was sick. Yes
Put * off Deter/discourage Desanimar The English teacher put him off learning the langauge. Yes
Put * on Introduce clothing on to body to wear it. Ponerse I need to put appropriate clothes on for my English class. Yes
Put * on Switch on (lights, electrical appliance) Encender Can you put the lights on so we can do our English class? Yes
Put * out Cause someone trouble or inconvenience Incomodar I went to English class and no-one appeared. That put me out. Yes
Put * out Extinguish fire/switch off light Apagar She blew the candle to put it out. Yes
Put up with Tolerate Aguantar He put up with a lot of abuse before getting a divorce. Yes
Put * up Increase prices Subir (precios) The English teacher put up his prices because he was of exceptional quality. Yes
Put * up Display Colgar/colocar The teacher put up the English grammar sheet for the students to see. Yes
Put * up Accomodate someone Hospedar a alguien My students often offer to put me up as I visit them from abroad. Yes
Run out Have none left Agotarse We need to get more petrol in case we run out. No
Save up Put money aside Ahorrar We saved up money in order to pay for our English classes. No
Sell out Everything sold Agortarse It sucked since everything sold out before I arrived. No
Settle down Start living in a place where you intend to stay for a long time, usually with a partner. Establecerse I wanted to settle down but my girlfriend dumped me so I went travelling. No
Settle down Become calm Tranquilizarse The teacher asked the students to settle down so she could get the grammar point across. No
Settle in Make yourself feel at home Adaptarse/acomodarse I’ve come back to my home town and I need some time to settle in. No
Set * up Establish Instalar/establecer He decided to set up his office in the spare room. No
Set * up Assemble Armar I need to set up my table in time for my English class. No
Show off Behave boastfully Fanfarronear The guy was showing off his new car to impress the girl. No
Shut up Stop speaking Callarse The teacher asked the student to shut up to maintain order in class. No
Sign * up Register/enrol Inscribirse I signed him up for the course as I thought it might be great for his career. No
Sit down Seat oneself Sentarse The teacher asked the students to sit down. No
Sort * out Solve/arrange Solucionar/ordenar The divorce was a mes but they managed to sort it out. Yes
Stand by Be ready and waiting Estar preparado I will be standing by in case you need me. No
Stand by Help or support Apoyar I will stand by you whatever happens. Yes
Stand * up Fail to meet for a date No vino para una cita/dejar plantado I met a guy online and we were supposed to meet at a restaurant. He stood me up. Yes
Start * up Switch on a machine Arrancar/encender I was unable to start up the car since I had not driven it for over a month. Yes
Switch off Relax/stop paying attention Desconectarse Since I am self-employed, it is really hard for me to switch off. No
Switch * on Turn on/give power to Encender I switch my device on once I get out of bed. Yes
Take away Take something from food outlet to eat off premises Para llevar He decided to take away the food to share with his fellow English students. Yes
Take * away Confiscate/remove Quitar We will take the sign away now that the event is over. Yes
Take care Be careful/look after Cuidar de/tener cuidado She will take care of her baby. No
Take part Participate Participar Once I have finished my homework I will then take part. No
Take * up Start a hobby Empezar una afición I took up yoga in order to be more relaxed. Yes
Take off Flying object leaves ground (plane/rocket/bird) Despegar The plane managed to take off smoothly despite the strong winds. No
Take off Leave/go suddenly Salir/partir Jessie took off straight after English class. No
Take * off Remove (clothing/lid) Quitarse/sacar She was really hot before the English class so she took off some clothing. Yes
Take * on Accept responsibility/challenge Encargarse de/aceptar I’ll take on the challenge of learning English in 2 years. Yes
Take over Take control/charge of something Encargarse de A new English teacher took control of the English classes. Yes
Tell * off Reprimand Regañar/reprimand The teacher told me off because I was behaving badly. Yes
Throw away Dispose of something/discard Tirar I will take care of the project. Yes
Throw up Vomit Vomitar I always throw up if I drink too much alcohol. No
Tidy * up Put things in order Arreglar I want to tidy up before the guests arrive. Yes/No
Try * out Sample, experience Probar I tried out the English Skype classes and they were really great. Yes
Turn * down Reduce volume Bajar el volumen The student turned down the volume of his Skype English class as it was too loud. Yes
Turn * down Decline/refuse Rechazar The English teacher turned down the job as she was better off teaching freelance. Yes
Turn * off Switch off/stop the function of Apagar He turned off his mobile phone before English class started. Yes
Turn * on Switch on/give power to Encender I’ll turn on the TV as I shouldn’t miss this programme. Yes
Turn out Transpire/end up being Resultar My English teacher turned out to be great, the best one I ever had. No
Turn up Appear Aparecer My student didn’t turn up for his English class but we rearranged for another time. No
Turn * up Increase output/volume Subir/aumentar I had to turn up the volume as I couldn’t hear my English teacher. Yes
Wake up Stop sleeping Despertarse I needed to wake up really early in order to catch the first train. No
Wash * up Clean dishes (note in US this can mean to wash face and hands) Lavar los platos As she was a guest, Martha didn’t have to wash up after dinner. No
Watch out Be vigilant or careful Estar atento In the country you need to watch out for cattle on the roads. No
Wear off Diminish Desaparecer The effects of the anaesthetic began to wear off shortly after going to the dentist. No
Wear * out Cause to be very tired Agotar This hard work always wears me out. Yes
Wear * out Destroy through use Desgastar algo I’ve worn out my shoes so I need to go to the shops to get some new ones. Yes
Work out Do exercise Hacer ejercicio I will work out at the gym after my English class. No
Work * out Solve Resolver I need to work out the answers of this English grammar exercise. Yes
Write * down Put in writing Anotar My English teach always gets me to write down important grammar points. Yes
Zip up Close with a zip fastener Abrochar I zipped up my jacket as it was really cold. Yes

 

 

By | 2018-02-19T16:21:34+00:00 noviembre 10th, 2017|Uncategorized|Comentarios desactivados en Common phrasal verbs with Spanish translations and examples (regularly updated)

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